Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. Hyperglycemia, or excessive levels of blood sugar, is a common effect of untreated diabetes which over time can cause irreversible damage to the body’s vascular system, especially the nerves and the blood vessels. In 2014 the global prevalence of diabetes was estimated to be 9% among adults aged 18+ years. Worldwide diabetes is an increasing problem. +300 million registered diabetics (type 1 or 2) are expected in 2020.
Furthermore, +250 million unregistered diabetics are expected by 2020. Almost 60 % of all diabetic and pre-diabetic patients are unaware of their condition. They experience diabetes-related complications such as strokes, ulcerations and kidney diseases. One of the most feared consequences of diabetes is retinal diabetic pathology (DR), which can lead to blindness if untreated.
The amount of diagnosed diabetics is 775,200 people. This number is expected to double over the next 10 years to 1.5 million diagnosed diabetics. Double the amount is expected to have a case of undiagnosed diabetes. All these people are in risk of getting DR.
International Diabetes Federation: (visit website here)
American Diabetes Association: (visit website here)